Purpose and Result clauses

  • Purpose/Result Clauses & Indirect Commands
    Purpose Clause – Main Clause + ut/uti (so that, to) or ne (so that not, not to) + present subjunctive or imperfect subjunctive

    Sabinus…id clariore voce, ut magna pars militum exaudiret…inquit.

    Sabinus said this with a clearer voice so that a great part of the soldiers might hear [him].

    [Orgetorix] per eos ne causam diceret se eripuit.

    [Orgetorix] snatched himself away through them so that he might not plead [his] case.

    Indirect Command – Main Clause with verbs of urging, asking, or warning + ut/uti (to) or ne (not to) + present subjunctive or imperfect subjunctive

    Hic servo…persuadet…ut litteras ad Caesarem deferat.

    He persuades the slave…to bring down the letters to Caesar.

    Result Clause – Main Clause with one of the following (expressed or implied): TAM (so), TANTUS (such great), TALIS (such), TOT (so many), ITA / SIC (in this way), ADEO (to such an extent) + ut/uti (that) or ut/uti non (that not) + present subjunctive or imperfect subjunctive

    Tanta tempestas subito coorta est ut nulla earum cursum tenere posset.

    Such a great storm suddenly arose that not one of them was able to hold course.

    Mons autem altissimus impendebat, ut facile perpauci prohibere possent.

    Furthermore a very high mountain was very high, that very few easily were able to keep [them] away.

    Substantive Clause of Result – Main Clause with ACCIDIT / FIT (it happens) or EFFICIO (I bring it about) + ut (that) / ut non (that not) + present subjunctive or imperfect subjunctive

    His rebus fiebat ut et minus late vagarentur et minus facile finitimis bellum inferre possent.

    With these things it happened that they both wandered less widely and were able to bring war less easily upon [their] neighbors.

    Reliquis ut navigari commode posset effecit.

    He brought it about that it was able to be sailed advantageously in the other [ships].