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  • Developing Your Child’s Reading Comprehension

    The following is a set of some important strategies to use with your child when reading to him/her or when he/she is reading to you:

    Suggestions for Kindergarten - 2nd Grade:  

     

    • Identifying the title and making predictions – “What do you think this book might be about?”
    • Use picture clues on the cover to help make predictions?
    • Fiction/non-fiction – Is this made-up for enjoyment or is it a factual book?  How do you know?
    • Who is the author/illustrator?
    • After reading a page, stop to discuss and perhaps reevaluate your predictions.
    • Who are the characters?
    • Where is the setting?
    • What was the order of events?  Retell the story - what happened first, next, then, last?
    • What was the author’s message or main idea?  What details led you to this conclusion?
    • Making connections - What does this make you think of?  Have you had a similar experience?  Has this ever happened to you, or someone you know?
    • Go back into the book to find the answer to a question – particularly with non-fiction.

     

      Suggestions for 3rd - 5th Grade: 

     

    • Make predictions about the solution to a problem, the outcome of a story, or what might happen next
    • Retell the story by sequencing important events; distinguish between major events/details vs. minor events/details.
    • What was the author’s message or main idea? What details led you to this conclusion?
    • Go back into the book to find the answer to a question – particularly with non-fiction.
    • In your own words, how would you summarize the paragraph, chapter, or story?
    • Make connections to the story – between the text and self, the text and other texts, or the text and the world.
    • Making Inferences
    • Infer characters’ feelings or their motivations throughout a text (i.e. why they feel a certain way, or explain their actions)
    • Infer causes of problems or outcomes
    • Ask specific questions that require your child to go back into the text and recall facts and details.
    • Identify cause and effect events throughout a story.
    • When your child comes across an unknown word in a text, have them use context clues to determine its meaning. (i.e. have him/her use the words and sentence(s) around the word to determine its meaning.)
    • Ask, what was the author’s purpose for writing this story/article? (i.e. why did they write it?, what was the message or moral of the story?)
    • Identify facts and opinions in a text. (Fact – something that is true, Opinion – what someone thinks and may or may not be true)