Comprehension Practice

What is comprehension?

  • "Comprehension is the understanding and interpretation of what is read. To be able to accurately understand written material, children need to be able to (1) decode what they read; (2) make connections between what they read and what they already know; and (3) think deeply about what they have read." (readingrockets.org)

Strategies

    1. Preview the text before you begin.  Notice text features (headings, textboxes, photographs, etc.).  Make a prediction.
    2. Monitor & adjust predictions while you read!
    3. Chunk the text into smaller parts & talk about what you've read. 
    4. Create "Stop & Jot" points within the text to write down key ideas.
    5. Make MEANINGFUL connections as you read.  (Ask yourself, "How does this connection help me to better understand the text?")
    6. Visualize.  Create mental images of what is happening as you read.  You could create a mind map as you read.
    7. Notice:  What are you wondering about?
    8. Ask, "What does it say?  What does it mean?  Why does it matter?"
    9. Reread anything that doesn't make sense (or if your mind starts to wander!).
    10. Find out the meaning of unknown words! Use context clues, ask a friend, or check a dictionary.
    11. Evaluate the characters actions.  Do you agree with the character's decisions?  Why or why not?
    12. Infer character feelings. 
    13. What words would you use to describe your character?  Find evidence from the story that demonstrates that trait.
    14. Did the main character change during the story?  How do you know?
    15. What is the main problem in the story?  How is it solved?
    16. How did the setting impact the story?
    17. How has your thinking changed about the topic you have read?
    18. Retell or summarize what you've read. 
    19. Think about why the author wrote the text.
    20. Research anything you may still be wondering about!