Phonological & Phonemic Awareness Practice

What is phonological & phonemic awareness?

  • "Phonological awareness is a broad skill that includes identifying and manipulating units of oral language – parts such as words, syllables, and onsets and rimes. Children who have phonological awareness are able to identify and make oral rhymes, can clap out the number of syllables in a word, and can recognize words with the same initial sounds like 'money' and 'mother.'

    Phonemic awareness refers to the specific ability to focus on and manipulate individual sounds (phonemes) in spoken words. Phonemes are the smallest units comprising spoken language. Phonemes combine to form syllables and words." (

Lego Syllables


    1. Use Legos! Divide words by syllables.  Each syllable represents one lego block.  Connect them together to build a multisyllabic word.  Then, try writing the word that was built.  Remember, every syllable has a vowel! (See photo)
    2. Silly Sentences! Make up silly sentences where each word begins with the same letter.
    3. Read books with rhymes!
    4. Read alphabet books!