Reading fluently means reading words automatically and accurately. In addition, fluency is reading sentences with appropriate phrasing, pauses, speed and expression. Students who read fluently are able to comprehend text easier because they can devote more of their mental effort to understanding text rather than decoding words.
Building Fluency at Home
1. Read aloud to your child to model fluent reading. Remember to read with expression, at a natural pace, and pause for punctuation. If you don't have time to read to your child, have them listen to a story on tape or online (See "JRE's Websites We Use" for Raz Kids, Literactive and Storyline).
2. After your child reads a book to you, have him or her return back to their favorite page. Then have your child reread the page several times. To make it interesting, have your child read it in a different voice each time (loud like a lion, quiet and squeaky like a mouse, or turn it into a song).
3. Read plays together (you can find many kid plays online). Emphasis reading with expression and at a natural pace.
4. Read rhymes and poems. They have a natural rhythm and pattern that are perfect for fluency practice.
5. Read predictable books that repeat a similar phrase or sentence. This will increase automaticity and accuracy. In addition, it will make your child feel successful!
6. Have your child read "easy" books. This allows your child to experience fluent reading. Instead of focusing on decoding words, your child can practice reading with proper phrasing, pauses, and adding expression.
7. Practice sight words several times a week. Frequent practice will improve automaticity and accuracy.