Developing Your Child's Reading Comprehension

  • Book talk:  A book talk includes pre-reading, reading, and post-reading strategies that help students prepare for and gain meaning from reading.  This set of strategies can be done with your child at any stage of his/her reading development (non-reader, beginning reader, and reader).

     

    Developing Your Child’s Reading Comprehension

    Kindergarten - 2nd Grade

     

    The following is a set of some important strategies to use with your child when reading to him/her or when he/she is reading to you:

     

      • Identifying the title and making predictions – “What do you think this book might be about?”
      • Use picture clues on the cover to help make predictions?
      • Fiction/non-fiction – Is this made-up for enjoyment or is it a factual book?  How do you know?
      • Who is the author/illustrator?
      • After reading a page, stop to discuss and perhaps reevaluate your predictions.
      • Who are the characters?
      • Where is the setting?
      • What was the order of events?  Retell the story - what happened first, next, then, last?
      • What was the author’s message or main idea?  What details led you to this conclusion?
      • Making connections - What does this make you think of?  Have you had a similar experience?  Has this ever happened to you, or someone you know?
      • Go back into the book to find the answer to a question – particularly with non-fiction.

     

    Developing Your Child’s Reading Comprehension

    3rd - 5th Grade

     

     

    The following is a set of important strategies to use with your child when reading to him/her or when he/she is reading to you:

    o   Make predictions about the solution to a problem, the outcome of a story, or what might happen next

    o   Retell the story by sequencing important events; distinguish between major events/details vs. minor events/details.

    o   What was the author’s message or main idea? What details led you to this conclusion?

    o   Go back into the book to find the answer to a question – particularly with non-fiction.

    o   In your own words, how would you summarize the paragraph, chapter, or story?

    o   Make connections to the story – between the text and self, the text and other texts, or the text and the world.

    o   Making Inferences

    o   Infer characters’ feelings or their motivations throughout a text (i.e. why they feel a certain way, or explain their actions)

    o   Infer causes of problems or outcomes

    o   Ask specific questions that require your child to go back into the text and recall facts and details.

    o   Identify cause and effect events throughout a story.

    o   When your child comes across an unknown word in a text, have them use context clues to determine its meaning. (i.e. have him/her use the words and sentence(s) around the word to determine its meaning.)

    o   Ask, what was the author’s purpose for writing this story/article? (i.e. why did they write it?, what was the message or moral of the story?)

    o   Identify facts and opinions in a text. (Fact – something that is true, Opinion – what someone thinks and may or may not be true)