Question Answer Relationships

  • QAR - Question Answer Relationships

     

    What is QAR?

    Raphael created Question-Answer Relationships as a way to help students realize that the answers they seek are related to the type of question that is asked; it encourages them to be strategic about their search for answers based on an awareness of what different types of questions look for. Even more important is understanding where the answer will come from. (http://www.readingquest.org/strat/qar.html)

     

    QAR Information Sources

    • In The Book
    • In My Head

    The Core QARs

         In The Book

    • Right There:The answer is in one place in the text. Words from the question and words that answer it are often "right there" in the same sentence.
      • Who did...
      • What did...
      • Where was...
      • When was...
      • Who are...
      • How many...
      • Define...
    • Think & Search: The answer is in the text. To find the answer, readers need to "think & search" or put together different parts of the text. The answer can be within a paragraph, across paragraphs, or even across chapters and books.
      • How do you...
      • What happened to...
      • How many times...
      • What examples...
      • Where did...
      • Explain...
      • Compare & Contrast...
      • Make a list of...
      • Cause & Effect...

         In My Head

    • Author & Me:The answer is not in the text. Readers need to think about how the text and what they already know fit together.
      • Predict...
      • Purpose...
      • Main Idea...
      • Author's Opinion...
    • On My Own: The answer is not in the text. Readers need to use their own ideas and experiences to answer the question.
      • Have you ever...
      • If you could...
      • If you were going...
      • In your opinion...
      • Do you agree with...
      • How do you feel...

     

    Defining Comprehension Strategies...

     

    QAR

    Comprehension Strategy

    Definition

    Author & Me

    Predicting

    Using text information and background knowledge and experience to create a hypothesis that anticipates what is going to occur in the text.

    Author & Me

    Drawing Inferences

    Constructing ideas and interpretations using information that is not explicitly stated in the text.

    Right There

    *

    Think & Search

    Identifying Important Information

    Sorting the essential from non-essential content to achieve the purpose(s) for reading.

    Right There

    *

    Think & Search

    Summarizing

    Creating a brief coherent text from the essential content of the original source.

    Author & Me

    Questioning

    Raising and responding to queries whether explicit or implied.

    Author & Me

    Monitoring

    Being aware of the quality and degree of understanding and knowing how to address comprehension breakdowns.