Fluency refers to a student's speed, smoothness and ease of oral reading.  Fluent readers read more quickly and smoothly, allowing them to focus on comprehension.  Fluent readers gain more meaning from the text they read.  Because fluency leads to comprehension, fluent readers enjoy reading more than students who devote all their energy to sounding out words.

    Fluency teaching tips for home:

    *Model fluency by reading aloud to your child

    *Listen to your child read and assist in voice, expression and volume

    *This link takes you to another teacher's web page.  She has lots of great fluency practice passage if you would like to work more on fluency at home.  Please note: I do not do the fluency assessment she writes about on her site. 



    Phrasing  Accuracy Punctuation Rate Expression

    Timed Reading Scoring for Reading A-Z Homework Passages

    1. Count the total words the student reads in one minute using the words-per-line totals listed in the margin. This is the student's words-per-minute reading rate. Mark this on the chart at the bottom, along with the date of the reading.
    2. Count the number of errors (slashes). Record the number in the "errors" box under 1 if this is the first reading, 2 if it is the second reading, and so on.
    3. Subtract the number of errors from the total number of words read to find the number of correct words read.
    4. Divide the number of correct words by the total words read and multiply this result by 100. This is the student's accuracy percentage.
    5. Record this number in the box.

    After about four to six readings, students should reach the target words-per-minute standard for their grade level with an accuracy rate of 90 to 95 percent.


    Total words read: 60
    Number of errors: 6
    Number of correct words:
    60 – 6 = 54
    Accuracy percentage:
    54/60 = .9
    .9 x 100 = 90%