Many students don't know how to study effectively. They believe they know how to study, but these actions often involve re-reading text and memorizing -- which are proven to be ineffective. Effective study involves active strategies that keep their minds and bodies reviewing and internalizing the information. In order to understand and recall information, students must attach the new information to previously learned material, thus revising their understanding of a topic. All of this work, makes the material easier to recall and manipulate when needed.
The following strategies have proven to be effective for middle school learners. As the students have been told, not all strategies are effective for all learners. Students need to put in the time with each strategy to see what works for them and to "fill their toolbox" with those activities.